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Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

Age-related macular Degeneration (AMD) is a progressive eye condition that primarily affects older adults and is a leading cause of vision loss in people aged 50 and older. The macula, a small but crucial part of the retina located at the back of the eye, is responsible for central vision and allows us to see fine details. AMD damages the macula, leading to a loss of central vision.

There are two main types of AMD:

  1. Dry AMD (Non-neovascular AMD): This is the more common form, accounting for about 80-90% of all AMD cases. It occurs when the macula thins and breaks down over time, causing gradual vision loss. Drusen, small yellow deposits under the retina, are often present in the early stages of dry AMD.
  2. Wet AMD (Neovascular AMD): Although less common, wet AMD is more severe. It involves the growth of abnormal blood vessels beneath the retina, which can leak blood and fluid, leading to rapid and significant central vision loss. Wet AMD often progresses more quickly than dry AMD. Homewatch CareGivers can assist with rides to and from the ophthalmologist when a client is receiving weekly shots. We stay with the client the whole time and assist them back to their home.

The exact cause of AMD is not fully understood, but factors such as age, genetics, smoking, and certain lifestyle factors may contribute to its development. Symptoms of AMD can include blurred or distorted central vision, difficulty reading or recognizing faces, and seeing straight lines as wavy.

Regular eye exams are crucial for early detection and management of AMD. While there is no cure for AMD, certain treatments, such as anti-VEGF medications for wet AMD, can help slow down its progression and manage symptoms. Lifestyle changes, such as maintaining a healthy diet rich in nutrients that support eye health, avoiding smoking, and protecting the eyes from harmful UV light, may also play a role in preventing or delaying AMD. At Homewatch CareGivers, we assist with those tasks that are difficult to perform when eyesight is an issue. Such as making appointments, assisting with grocery shopping, and interpreting menus.

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