Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men, according the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. However, it is not the leading cause of cancer death among men and the Mayo Clinic notes that prostate cancer usually is slow growing.
During September’s Prostate Cancer Awareness Month, men are reminded to research if they are in a high risk group for the cancer before being tested. There are a few different risk factors that make it more likely that some men should get tested for prostate cancer.
Who’s At Risk?
Prostate Cancer AwarenessThe Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recognize the following increase risk factors for prostate cancer:
- Being an African-American male
- Men who are over the age of 50
- A family history of men who have had prostate cancer
The Mayo Clinic also notes that obesity and a family history of certain types of breast cancer can also indicate a higher risk for prostate cancer.
It is not clear what causes prostate cancer though. The prostate is a small gland that produces seminal fluid. “Prostate cancer usually grows slowly and initially remains confined to the prostate gland, where it may not cause serious harm,” states The Mayo Clinic on their website. Early detection is important for a successful prostate cancer treatment.
Preventing Prostate Cancer
While there are some risk factors for prostate cancer that cannot be changed, the Prostate Cancer Foundation, the leading philanthropic organization funding and accelerating research globally, provides tips for preventing or delaying the onset of this disease:
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Limit fat from red meat and dairy products
- Avoid smoking
- Reduce or limit alcohol intake
- Seek medical treatment to control high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and depression
- Increase fish in your diet in an effort to increase good fats from omega-3 fatty acids
- Take it easy on calcium intake and do not exceed more than 1,500 mg of calcium daily
- Reduce stress at home and at work
There are not always symptoms of prostate cancer and it may first be detected during a routine physical at the doctor’s office. Symptoms may include a need to urinate more frequently-especially at night, frequent lower back pain, blood in urine, and other indicators.
Learn more about testing and treatment for prostate cancer at the Prostate Cancer Foundation website.